Lu, C.H. and Hsu, W.T. and Dhanaraj, J. and Jagannathan, R. (2004) Sol–gel pyrolysis and photoluminescent characteristics of europium-ion doped yttrium aluminum garnet nanophosphors. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 24. pp. 3723-3729. ISSN 0955-2219

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Europium-ion doped Y3Al5O12 garnet nanophosphors (YAG:Eu3+) with wide ranging size tunability (40–150 nm) have been prepared via a sol–gel pyrolysis method employing a fuel system that combined urea and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Well dispersed nanoparticles were prepared at 1000 ◦C. This temperature is lower than that required for synthesizing YAG:Eu3+ via the solid-state reaction route. The particle size and morphology of the synthesized powders are found to have critical dependence on the oxidizer (metallic nitrates) to fuel ratio. The importance of using an organic polymeric dispersion matrix to obtain well dispersed YAG:Eu3+ nanoparticles has been demonstrated. The photoluminescene properties of the prepared YAG:Eu3+ phosphors are profoundly dependent on the preparation conditions. The emission intensity of well dispersed YAG:Eu3+ nanoparticles is found to be much stronger than that of the bulk sample. The excitation spectrum of well dispersed nanoparticles shows an extension of the excitation peak in the high-energy region. These unique properties of YAG:Eu3+ nanoparticles can be rationalized by considering numerous surface states due to the large surface area to volume ratio of the nanoparticles. In addition, using the hypersensitive 5D0 → 7F2 transition of Eu3+ as a local probe, the role of surface states that modify the optical properties of YAG:Eu3+ nanophosphors has also been illustrated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sol–gel process; Y3Al5O12; Nanoparticles; Phosphors
Subjects: Electrochemical Materials Science
Depositing User: ttbdu cecri
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2012 14:25
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2012 14:25

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