Mathiyarasu, J. and Phani, K.L.N. (2007) Carbon-Supported Palladium-Cobalt-Noble Metal (Au, Ag, Pt) Nanocatalysts as Methanol Tolerant Oxygen-Reduction Cathode Materials in DMFCs. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 154 (11). B1100-B1105. ISSN 0013-4651

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The carbon-supported nanoparticles of Pd–Co–M (M = Pt, Au, Ag) catalysts for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) in a ratio of (70:20:10) were prepared through reverse microemulsion method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed well-defined reflections corresponding to a face centered cubic phase of palladium. From transmission electron microscopy analysis, the particle size after heat-treatment at 500°C was found to be approximately 20 nm, which was also confirmed by XRD analysis. Polarization data indicated Pd–Co–Pt to have better oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity than the other combinations with Ag and Au, in terms of shift in onset potential to a positive value of more than 100 mV and increased reduction current. The ORR kinetics on Pd–Co–Pt was analyzed by using rotating disk electrode to follow a 4 electron pathway, the order of the reaction being unity. The peroxide formation estimated from the rotating ring disk electrode measurements was found to be a negligibly small amount of 1.1%. An additional advantage observed with Pd–Co–Pt was its high methanol tolerance and ORR activity nearly equal to Pt.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electrodics and Electrocatalysis
Depositing User: ttbdar CECRI
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2012 07:13
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2012 07:15

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