Moses Ezhil Raj, A. and Deva Jayanthi, D. and Bena Jothy, V. and Jayachandran, M. and Sanjeeviraja, C. (2008) Growth aspects of barium oxalate monohydrate single crystals in gel medium. Cryst. Res. Technol., 43 (12). pp. 1307-1313.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (204Kb) | Request a copy


Single crystals of barium oxalate monohydrate (BaC2O4.H2O, BOM) were grown in pure form by controlled diffusion of Ba2+ using the gel technique at different temperatures. Starting from aqueous Ba2+ chloride (BaCl2) and acetic acid (C2H2O4) in gel, this method offers a low-cost and an easiest alternative to other preparation methods for the production of barium oxalate bulky single crystals. The optimal conditions for the growth of BOM crystals in silica gel were found by investigating different growth parameters such as gel pH, gel aging and crystallization temperature. Irrespective of all such crystallization environments, growth rate of the crystals were initially less and then exhibited supersaturation effect leading to non-linearity. Gel aging and temperature has profound effect on nucleation density that resulted less number of crystals of maximum size in the gel matrix. Perfect single crystals were grown on gels of higher pH. The macropore morphology and porosity was controlled by changing age of the gel. It has been found that temperature has a fabulous effect in controlling the nucleation density by altering the supersaturation conditions for the formation of critical nuclei. The entire growth kinetics informed that the grown crystals were derived by the one dimensional diffusion controlled process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: crystal growth; barium oxalate monohydrate; inorganic compounds; nucleation
Subjects: Electrochemical Materials Science
Depositing User: ttbdu cecri
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2012 09:42
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2012 09:42

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item