Kiruthiga, P.V. and Beemashafreen, R. and Karuthapandian, S. and Arun, S. and Govindu, S. and Pandima Devi, K. (2007) Protective effect of silymarin on erythrocyte haemolysate against benzo(a)pyrene and exogenous reactive oxygen species (H2O2) induced oxidative stress. Chemosphere, 68. pp. 1511-1518.

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The present study was carried out to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant properties and protective effects of silymarin (milk thistle) in human erythrocyte haemolysates against benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P], a potent carcinogenic chemical. Protective effect of silymarin was assessed in vitro by monitoring the antioxidant enzymes and malondialdehyde in three groups of haemolysates-(I) vehicle control (II) B(a)P incubated group and (III) B(a)P co incubated with silymarin. The effects of silymarin on lipid peroxidation (LPO) and antioxidant enzymes [superoxide dismutase; SOD, catalase; CAT, glutathione peroxidase; GPx, glutathione reductase; GR and glutathione-S-transferases; GST] were assessed on haemolysates. It was observed that specific activity of antioxidant enzymes were significantly decreased and the malondialdehyde levels were elevated when haemolysates were incubated with B(a)P. The protective effect of silymarin is elucidated by the significant reversal of the antioxidant enzymes and reduction in the levels of malondialdehyde. In addition, haemolysates were incubated with B(a)P for 45 min and the B(a)P metabolite, 3-hydroxy benzo(a)pyrene (3-OH–B(a)P) was detected using HPLC. An increased level of the metabolite was detected in group II. Whereas, when haemolysates were co-incubated with silymarin, the reactive metabolite 3-OH–B(a)P was not detectable which further confirms the protective role of silymarin. Generation of 3-OH–B(a)P in group II implicates the possibility of reactive oxygen species (O� 2 and H2O2) production in haemolysates during cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) mediated Phase-I-metabolism. Hence, we incubated the haemolysates with exogenous reactive oxygen species H2O2 and assessed the protective role of silymarin against H2O2. From the results of our study, it was suggested that silymarin possess substantial protective effect and free radical scavenging mechanism against environmental contaminants induced oxidative stress damages.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oxidative stress; Silymarin; Benzo(a)pyrene; Malondialdehyde; Antioxidant enzymes
Subjects: Electroorganic
Depositing User: ttbdar CECRI
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2012 15:35
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2012 15:35

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