Sripriya, R. and Chandrasekaran, M. and Subramanian, K. and Asokan, K. and Noel, M. (2007) Electrochemical destruction of p-chlorophenol and p-nitrophenol – Influence of surfactants and anode materials. Chemosphere, 69. pp. 254-261.

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The electrochemical oxidative removal of p-chlorophenol and p-nitrophenol was studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and constant current electrolysis on commercially available graphite and titanium substrate insoluble anodes (TSIA). The effect of cationic cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), anionic sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and non-ionic polyoxyethylene(23)lauryl ether (Brij-35) surfactants, which prevent adherent film formation on the electrode surface were also studied. CV experiments indicate that p-chlorophenol exhibits a relatively higher tendency for film formation on graphite and that sodium chloride is a better medium for the destruction of phenols. The electrochemical oxidation of phenols under galvanostatic conditions in chloride medium with CTAB enhanced the detoxification process with significantly lower fouling effects on TSIA. The surfactants, however, did not improve phenol removal on graphite under identical experimental conditions. A charge of 2.5 F per mol was found to be sufficient to achieve 44–48% removal of phenol on both the electrodes in the absence of the surfactants. A 55–65% removal was achieved in the presence of the cationic surfactant on the TSIA electrode. Phenol was removed as a low molecular weight polymer (MW � 4450).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phenols; Surfactants; Electrochemical destruction; Graphite; Oxide-coated electrode
Subjects: Electroorganic
Depositing User: ttbdar CECRI
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2012 17:39
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2012 17:39

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