Thirunakaran, R and Lew, Gil Hwan and Yoon, Won-Sub (2016) Novel chelating agent assisted dual doped spinel via sol–gel method for lithium rechargeable batteries. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 767. pp. 141-152. ISSN 1572-6657

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LiMn2O4 and LiCuxAlyMn2 − x − yO4 (x=0.50; y=0.05–0.50) powders have been synthesized via sol–gel method for the first time using Margaric acid as chelating agent. The synthesized samples have been used to physical and electrochemical characterization such as thermo gravimetric analysis (TG/DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electrochemical characterization viz., electrochemical galvanostatic cycling studies, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and differential capacity curves (dQ/dE). XRD patterns of LiMn2O4 and LiCuxAlyMn2−x−yO4 confirm high degree of crystallinitywith better phase purity of synthesized materials. FESEM images of parent LiMn2O4 depict the most of the particles that are in 0.5 μm while LiCu0.5Al0.05Mn1.45O4 powders exhibiting ice-cube surface morphology with good agglomerated less particle size of 50 nm. TEM images of spinel LiMn2O4 and LiCu0.5Al0.05Mn1.45O4 corroborate that all the synthesized particles are nano-sized with uniformspherical and cloudy particlemorphology. LiMn2O4 samples calcined at 850 °C deliver the high discharge capacity of 130 mA h g−1 in the first cyclewhile LiCu0.5Al0.05Mn1.45O4 samples deliver 120 mA h g−1 during the first cycle. Inter alia all the dopant compositions investigated, LiCu0.5Al0.05Mn1.45O4 delivers the stable cycling performance of 119 and 115mAh g−1 in the 5th and 10th cyclewith lowcapacity fade of 0.1 and 0.1 mA h g−1 cycle−1 corresponding to columbic efficiency of 99 and 99%.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Multi doping; Sol–gel method; Margaric acid; Differential capacity; Li-ion battery
Subjects: Electrochemical Power Sources
Depositing User: Dr. N Meyyappan
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2017 06:53
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2017 06:53

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