Balakrishnan, P.G. (1999) Valve regulated lead acid batteries (vrlab) for automotive application. Bulletin of Electrochemistry , 14 (9-10). pp. 404-410. ISSN 0256-1654

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Among the various types of lead-acid batteries manufactured throughout the world, the automotive or the SLI (Starting, Lighting & Ignition) type far exceeds the other types in terms of number and production value. This is due to the constantly increasing production of automobiles and the regular replacements required for such batteries every 3-4 years. Flooded lead-acid batteries have long been u ed for starter applic:ltions but because of the difficulties connected with handling of such batteries and also due to the development of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries which offer good performance characteristics like instant start even after a prolonged period of disuse, absence of leakage of the corrosive acid electrolyte and no necessity of topping up with distilled water have encouraged designers to propose VRLA battery for automotive application in recent years. The development of VR SLI batteries and field trials ''I'ilh thcse batteries carried out by some manufacturers are discussed in this paper along with the details of special characteristics of the various components used and the test results as per variou specifications like JIS, DIN, SAE and PSA • BSESA.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lead Acid Battery; Automotive application; Valve Regulated type
Subjects: Lithium batteries
Depositing User: ttbdar CECRI
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2012 17:01
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2012 17:01

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