Ragavendran, K. and Sherwood, D. and Vasudevan, D. and Emmanuel, B. (2009) On the observation of a huge lattice contraction and crystal habit modifications in LiMn2O4 prepared by a fuel assisted solution combustion. Physica B: Condensed Matter, 404 (16). pp. 2166-2171. ISSN 0921-4526

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Two batches of poly-crystalline lithium manganate were prepared by a fuel assisted solution combustion method. LiMn2O4(S) was prepared using starch as the fuel and LiMn2O4(P) was prepared using poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) as the fuel. XRD studies indicated a significant and consistent shift in the 2y values of all the hkl peaks to higher values in LiMn2O4(P) compared to LiMn2O4(S) indicating a lattice contraction in the former. TG/DTA studies indicated a higher formation temperature (25 1C higher) for LiMn2O4(P). The higher formation temperature most likely promotes the oxidation of some Mn3+ to Mn4+ with a lower ionic radius causing a lattice contraction. This hypothesis is confirmed through XPS studies which indicated the presence of a higher fraction of Mn4+ in LiMn2O4(P) than that present in LiMn2O4(S). A crystal shape algorithm was used to generate the crystal habits of lithium manganate from their XRD data leading to an understanding on the exposed hkl planes in these materials. From the atomic arrangement on the exposed hkl planes it is predicted that LiMn2O4(P) would be less prone to manganese dissolution and hence would possess a higher cycle life when compared to LiMn2O4(S).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mixed valence; Lithium manganate; Lattice contraction; Crystal shape algorithm; Crystal habit; Poly vinyl alcohol; Geo physics
Subjects: Electrodics and Electrocatalysis
Depositing User: ttbdu cecri
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2012 05:31
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2012 05:31
URI: http://cecri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1172

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