Kalyani, P. and Kalaiselvi, N. and Renganathan, N.G. and Raghavan, M. (2004) Studies on LiNi0.7Al0.3xCoxO2 solid solutions as alternative cathode materials for lithium batteries. Materials Research Bulletin, 39 (1). pp. 41-54. ISSN 0025-5408

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A series of phase-pure Co- and Al-substituted lithium nickel oxide solid solutions of the composition LiNi0.7Al0.3xCoxO2 with x ¼ 0:0, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, and 0.3, has been synthesized by adopting urea-assisted combustion (UAC) route. The structure and the physico-electrochemical features of the doped materials have been evaluated through PXRD, FTIR, SEM, CV, and charge/discharge studies. The stabilization of Ni in the þ3 state and the existence of enhanced 2D-layered structure without any cation mixing have been substantiated from XRD. The results of the XRD and FTIR studies have established the complete mixing of Al and Co with Ni, especially at the various levels and the combinations of the dopants attempted in the present study. The enhanced electrochemical performance of LiNi0.7Al0.3xCoxO2 may be attributed to the ‘‘synergetic effect’’ resulting from the presence of both Al3þ and Co3þ dopants in the LiNiO2 matrix. From CV studies, it was understood that the addition of 10% Co is effective in suppressing the phase transformation during Liþ intercalation process that leads to better electrochemical properties. The effect and the extent of substitution of Ni with Al and Co on the structural and electrochemical performance of LiNi0.7Al0.3xCoxO2 are discussed elaborately in this communication.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Layered compounds; Oxides; Intercalation reactions; X-ray diffraction; Electrochemical properties
Subjects: Lithium batteries
Electrochemical Power Sources
Depositing User: ttbdu cecri
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2012 14:24
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2012 14:24
URI: http://cecri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1020

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